Healthy gums are firm & pale pink & fit snugly around the teeth. Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that causes damage to the soft tissue & destroys the bone that supports the teeth. periodontitis can loosen the teeth which could lead to tooth loss.
Periodontitis, though very common, is largely a preventable disease. Poor oral hygiene is a major factor in periodontitis. Brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily & getting a regular 6 months check-up will go a long way to keep your gums & teeth healthy. Periodontitis & other oral conditions at bay-There are different types of periodontitis .the moe common ones are given below-
It is the most common type affecting mostly adults. This condition is caused by plaque build-up, which slowly leads to inflammation of periodontal tissues.
It usually begins in childhood or early adulthood & affects only a very few numbers of people. If left untreated, It can cause rapid Progression of bone & tooth loss.
It is characterized by the death of gum tissues, tooth ligaments, and supporting bone, caused by a lack of blood supply ( necrosis), resulting in severe infection. It generally occurs in people with a suppressed immune system, such as from Human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV), cancer treatment & Malnutrition.
A periodontist is caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth & form spaces/pockets that become infected. If not treated, the gums, bone & tissues that support the teeth can be destroyed. which causes loss of teeth and may we have to remove the tooth.
Plaque can form over your teeth when starches & sugar in the food interact with bacteria normally found in your mouth.2 Times proper brushing & regular water flossing may help you to remove plaque layer formed over the teeth.
Plaque can harden and turn into tartar 9 calculus ) if it is allowed to stay on your teeth .tartar is more difficult to remove and is filled with bacteria. The longer plaque & tartar remains on your teeth, the more damage they cause to the teeth and gums. You cannot get rid of the tartar by brushing & flossing & require Professional dental cleaning to remove it.
It is the mildest form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis causes irritation & inflammation of the part of your gums around the base of your teeth ( gingiva ), gradually causing pockets to develop between your gums as well as teeth, which can be filled with plaque, tartar, and bacteria. Over time, these pockets may become deeper, filling them with more bacteria. If left untreated, these deep infections can cause loss of tissues and bone, and eventually you may lose one or more teeth. Gingivitis can be reversed with professional treatment & good at-home oral care.
The factor that can increase your risk of periodontitis include –
Periodontists can cause tooth loss. Researchers in many studies suggest that the bacteria causing periodontitis can enter your bloodstream through gum tissues,& may affect our organs and other body parts also.Prevention-
Smoking or use of tobacco in any form is linked to an increased risk of developing periodontitis or aggravating your condition, If you already have one. Quitting smoking helps to prevent periodontal disease. The best way to prevent periodontitis is to follow a program of good oral hygiene, which should be consistently practiced throughout your life.Conclusion-
Most people lose their teeth as a result of gum problems only. If you keep close track of your oral health & practice regular oral hygiene, you will be much less likely to suffer from periodontitis or gum disease.regular 6 months visit to a dental clinic may help you to maintain your gums & teeth in health conditions.for more details visit Acme dental lounge, Aundh, Pune, Consults Dr. Ashish Gupta for proper maintaining guidelines for oral health.