Tooth sensitivity is one of the most common complaints encountered in our everyday life.Tooth sensitivity is caused due to exposure of dentin surfaces ,the second layer present beneath the enamel surface.
Causes Of tooth sensitivity
Ingestion of hard & acidic foods/drinks like citrus fruits, beverages, aerated drinks, etc can contribute to tooth sensitivity over consumptions of acidic food and drink can cause painful sensitivity in your teeth.
Improper brushing Technique, brushing your teeth aggressively in a horizontal fashion, especially with a hard-bristled toothbrush, etc, can result in tooth sensitivity.
A plaque containing Bacteria, which produces an acid that erodes your tooth enamel, gradually leading to tooth Sensitivity.
Use of Teeth whitening Therapy/toothpaste –
Sensitivity can be a temporary side effect of teeth whitening treatment. Frequent uses of improper at-home tooth whitening products can also cause tooth sensitivity.
Gum recession, a common problem in people over the age of forty, can cause sensitivity, also, excessive flossing can damage your gums causing sensitivity.
A cracked tooth can cause pain when you chew or bite on hard substances and can result in tooth sensitivity.
Recent Dental Restoration-
You may experience Temporary Sensitivity after you have done dental treatment, but this would subside within four to five weeks.
A sinus infection can make your teeth hurt or sensitive when you do certain activities like Jumping, brisk walking, etc. This is due to the pressure and inflammation in the sinus.
When teeth come in contact with cold air, then it can Trigger a sensitive tingle.
Chewing on Ice-
If you are having a habit of ice chewing ,it can damage or break your teeth resulting in tooth sensitivity problems.
It does not directly cause tooth sensitivity but there are hormonal changes that can affect your gums, which in terms may lead to discomfort and dental pain.
Treatment for tooth sensitivity-
Enamel erosion can expose the dentin and cause Tooth sensitivity. Your dentist will identify the underlying causes of sensitivity and recommend suitable interventions like fluoride therapy, gingival Graft surgery, etc.
Your dentist may recommend a root canal Treatment when other procedures are not effective for sensitive teeth.
If tooth sensitivity is due to tooth decay, then the restoration of these teeth is the ideal choice of treatment.
In case of grinding habits, then your dentist after proper examination will suggest a set of night guards.
In the case of weaning of enamel tooth surface, composite filling/tooth color filling will be the best line of treatment.
Prevention of tooth Sensitivity
Use of fluoridated toothpaste & desensitizing toothpaste
Brushing your teeth using a soft- bristles or medium bristled toothbrush.
Using mouthwash containing fluoride for three months
Avoid taking highly acidic food and drink
Wearing a mouth guard, if you are having a habit of grinding your teeth.
Consult your dentist for a treatment option and determine the best solution for your sensitive teeth,and follow all the precautions required to control sensitivity problems.